The jaguar is the largest cat of the Americas.

The massive head and strong canines are adaptations for crushing skeletal material and cracking open well armoured prey such as turtles. Like most cats, the jaguar is solitary outside mother-cub groups.

  • Least Concern
  • Near Threatened
  • Vulnerable
  • Endangered
  • Critically Endangered
  • Extinct in the Wild
  • Extinct

Jaguars prefer dense forest or swamps with good cover as they usually stalk their prey on the ground. Mating occurs throughout the year, but young are reportedly more likely to be born in the wet season when prey is more abundant. The female gives birth to a litter size of one to four cubs after a gestation period of 91 to 111 days. Young are dependent on their mother for up to two years, after which time they disperse to find their own territory. Jaguars reach sexual maturity at two to three years for females, three to four years for males.

Key Facts

Deer, Tapir, Capybara, Fish and other aquatic prey.
Up to 3 feet tall
Life Span:
11 years wild - 25+ years captivity
Central and South American
Up to 6.5 feet
Up to 100 kilograms
Did you know?
They are excellent swimmers!

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