The African penguin is a medium-sized penguin, and the only penguin species breeding on the African continent. Like all penguins, the African penguin has a robust, heavyset body, and is black on the back and white below, with variable black markings on the breast and belly.
Penguins have small muscles at the base of each feather that enable the feathers to be held tightly against the body whilst in water, forming a waterproof layer; alternatively, on land the feathers are held erect, trapping an insulating layer of air around the body. Penguins are designed to keep out the cold, so generally speaking, the smaller the penguin the hotter the climate it comes from.
DID YOU KNOW? The African penguin is also known as the ‘jackass penguin’ due to its loud braying call.
- Least Concern
- Near Threatened
- Critically Endangered
- Extinct in the Wild